Penerapan Keselamatan Pasien Preoperasi dan Post Operasi di Rumah Sakit

Yongky Gousario, Henny A. Manafe, M. E. Perseveranda, Angreny Paridy


This research examines how the study of the implementation of pre-and post-operative patient safety in hospitals. The research used by researchers is a Systematic Literature Review with data obtained from journals and research articles from 2013-2023. The data source platforms used in this study are Google Scholar and PubMed. In this study, it is known that patient safety is an important health problem worldwide, and patient accidents in the operating room can cause serious problems. This miscommunication situation is a potential threat to patient safety because issues can easily go unnoticed by the rest of the team. Hospitals must provide a useful framework of requirements and safety protocols to address these challenges. One standard that can be used is the surgical safety checklist designed by WHO. The use of this list, in research, can increase safety procedurally, when surgery is performed, and after the action is given. Not only that, but hospitals must also provide formal instructions through various activities such as seminars, workshops, to conferences needed to increase awareness regarding patient safety before and after surgery.


safety, operations, patients

Full Text:



Br Sebayang, J. T., Setiawan, S., & Syam, B. 2020. The Development of Patients’ Role Model in Improving Patient Safety Inpatient Room. JMMR (Jurnal Medicoeticolegal Dan Manajemen Rumah Sakit), 9(3), 195–206.

Chazapis, M., Gilhooly, D., Smith, A. F., Myles, P. S., Haller, G., Grocott, M. P. W., & Moonesinghe, S. R. 2018. Perioperative structure and process quality and safety indicators: a systematic review. British Journal of Anaesthesia, 120(1), 51–66.

Darma, S. S. L., Purwaningsih, P., & Ulfiana, E. 2021. Organizational Factors in Implementation of Patient Safety Culture in Hospitals: Systematic Literature Review. Fundamental and Management Nursing Journal, 4(2), 40.

Davoudi-Kiakalayeh, A., Mohammadi, R., Pourfathollah, A. A., Siery, Z., & Davoudi-Kiakalayeh, S. 2017. Alloimmunization in thalassemia patients: New insight for healthcare. International Journal of Preventive Medicine, 8, 10–14.

Delima, A. Z. P., Maidin, A., & Saleh, L. M. 2020. Analysis of the Implementation of Patient Safety Targets at the Makassar City Regional General Hospital. Journal of Asian Multicultural Research for Medical and Health Science Study, 1(2), 47–56.

Emond, Y. E., Stienen, J. J., Wollersheim, H. C., Bloo, G. J., Damen, J., Westert, G. P., Boermeester, M. A., Pols, M. A., Calsbeek, H., & Wolff, A. P. 2015. Development and measurement of perioperative patient safety indicators. British Journal of Anaesthesia, 114(6), 963–972.

Fadhillah, H., Nursalam, & Hadi, M. 2018. Effect of Nurse Performance in Patient Safety Target Based on Knowledge Management: SECI on Quality of Nursing Services. International Journal of Indonesian National Nurses Association (IJINNA), 1(1), 1–12.

Fajemilehin, B. R., & Faronbi, J. O. 2016. Safety practices employed by perioperative nurses in selected tertiary health institutions in South Western Nigeria. The Journal of the Egyptian Public Health Association, 9(2), 579–596.

Falcone, R. A., Simmons, J., Carver, A. M., Mullett, B., Kotagal, M., Lin, E., Muething, S., & von Allmen, D. 2021. Perioperative Safety: Engage, Integrate, Empower, Sustain to Eliminate Patient Safety Events. Pediatric Quality & Safety, 6(6), e495.

Fowler, A. J. 2013. A Review of Recent Advances in Perioperative Patient Safety. Annals of Medicine and Surgery, 2(1), 10–14.

Galleryzki, A. R., Hariyati, R. T. S., Afriani, T., & Rahman, L. O. 2021. Hubungan Sikap Keselamatan dengan Implementasi Sasaran Keselamatan Pasien oleh Perawat di Rumah Sakit. Jurnal Kepemimpinan Dan Manajemen Keperawatan, 4(1).

Girginer, N., İskenderoğlu, M. 2020. Sigma Levels Analysis of International Patient Safety Goals for a Private Hospital. Journal Of International Health Sciences and Management, 6(10), 65–73.

Gunawan, I. M. A., Wirawan, I. M. A., & Lubis, D. S. 2021. Implementation of six patient safety goals at a public health centre with in-patient services in Bali, Indonesia: A qualitative case study. Public Health and Preventive Medicine Archive, 9(1), 17.

Harris, K., Søfteland, E., Moi, A. L., Harthug, S., Storesund, A., Jesuthasan, S., Sevdalis, N., & Haugen, A. S. 2020. Patients’ and healthcare workers’ recommendations for a surgical patient safety checklist - A qualitative study. BMC Health Services Research, 20(1), 1–10.

Kaware, M. S., Ibrahim, M. I., Shafei, M. N., Mohd Hairon, S., & Abdullahi, A. U. 2022. Patient Safety Culture and Its Associated Factors: A Situational Analysis among Nurses in Katsina Public Hospitals, Northwest Nigeria. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(6).

Kim, N. Y., & Jeong, S. Y. 2021. Perioperative patient safety management activities: A modified theory of planned behavior. PLoS ONE, 16(6 June), 1–10.

Larasati, A., & Dhamanti, I. 2021. Literature Review: Implementation of Patient Safety Goals in Hospitals in Indonesia. Media Gizi Kesmas, 10(1), 138.

Leong, K. B. M. S. L., Hanskamp-Sebregts, M., Van Der Wal, R. A., & Wolff, A. P. (2017). Effects of perioperative briefing and debriefing on patient safety: A prospective intervention study. BMJ Open, 7(12), 1–7.

Manzanera, R., Moya, D., Guilabert, M., Plana, M., Gálvez, G., Ortner, J., & Mira, J. J. 2018. Quality assurance and patient safety measures: A comparative longitudinal analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(8), 4–11.

Miller, D. R. 2013. Opportunities to enhance perioperative patient safety: 2013 and beyond. Canadian Journal of Anesthesia, 60(2), 97–100.

Mohammed, F., Taddele, M., & Gualu, T. 2021. Patient Safety Culture and Associated Factors among Health Care Professionals at Public Hospitals in Dessie Town, North East Ethiopia, 2019. PLoS ONE, 16(2 February), 1–9.

Putri, M. E., Fithriyani, F., & Sari, M. T. 2022. Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Penerapan 6 Sasaran Keselamatan Pasien. Jurnal Akademika Baiturrahim Jambi, 11(1), 55.

Sharma, S. K., Perioperative Nurses, R. R., Arora, D., & Rani, R. 2020. Perioperative Nurses’ Awareness and Attitude about Use of WHO Surgical Safety Checklist in India: An Institution Based Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Nurs. Midwif. Res, 7(1), 31–36.

Silalahi, Y., Wahyuni Nasution, S., & Novalinda Ginting, C. 2022. The Effect Of Implementation Of Patient Identification Based On The Pall Accreditation Standards On Improving The Patient Safety Program At Royal Prima General Hospital In 2022. International Journal of Health and Pharmaceutical (IJHP), 2(4), 765–769.

Storesund, A., Haugen, A. S., Flaatten, H., Nortvedt, M. W., Eide, G. E., Boermeester, M. A., Sevdalis, N., Tveiten, Ø., Mahesparan, R., Hjallen, B. M., Fevang, J. M., Størksen, C. H., Thornhill, H. F., Sjøen, G. H., Kolseth, S. M., Haaverstad, R., Sandli, O. K., & Søfteland, E. 2020. Clinical Efficacy of Combined Surgical Patient Safety System and the World Health Organization’s Checklists in Surgery: A Nonrandomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Surgery, 155(7), 562–570.

Subarma, D., Ginting, D., Sirait, A., & Dachi, R. A. 2021. Analisis Penerapan Budaya Keselamatan di Instalasi Rawat Inap Rsud Dr . Pirngadi Kota Medan Tahun 2021. Journal of Healthcare Technology and Medicine, 7(2), 1364–1372.

Suroso, A., & Sutrisna, E. 2020. Patient Safety Culture and Its Determining Factors ( a Qualitative Study At Islamic Hospital of Banjarnegara (RSI Banjarnegara). 1, 1–9.

Suryani, L., Kurniawan, R., & Perdani, A. L. 2021. Factors Associated with the Implementation of Patient Safety at X Hospital, Karawang, Indonesia. KnE Life Sciences, 2021, 624–629.

Suryawinata, A., Sundari, S., & Aini, Q. 2022. Analyzing an Implementation of Patient Safety Targets Standards at Ja’far Medika Hospital Based on Hospital Accreditation National Standards (SNARS) Issue 1.1. Jurnal Aisyah : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan, 7(S1), 287–294.



Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Published by Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat
Adress: Jl.Slamet Ryadi, Broni-Jambi, Kec.Telanaipura, Kodepos: 36122, email:, Phone: 0741-670700

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.