Problem Pemberian Amnesti oleh Presiden Dalam Perspektif Kepentingan Negara

Rizky Malinto Ramadani, Indra Perwira, Bilal Dewansyah

Abstract


Article 14 Paragraph (2) of the 1945 Constitution determines that the President grants amnesty and abolition by taking into account the considerations of the House of Representatives. in the provisions of Article (1) of the Emergency Law no. 11 of 1954 concerning Amnesty and Abolition states that "The President, in the interest of the state, can grant amnesty and abolition to people who have committed a criminal act. The President granted this amnesty and abolition after obtaining written advice from the Supreme Court which conveyed the advice at the request of the Minister of Justice.” The issue related to amnesty is that there is no more detailed clarity regarding the criteria for granting amnesty for the benefit of this country, whether the granting of amnesty is only intended for politically charged cases or can also be given for general criminal acts, especially in history, amnesties have been granted only for political crimes. The identification of the problems in this study are: First, the extent to which the granting of amnesty in Indonesia is in accordance with the criteria of the state's interest. The method used by researchers in this study is normative juridical. The results of this study indicate that the most important criterion of the existence of the state's interest is the stability of the state administration system and the guarantee of rights for citizens. The ideal conditions that need to be regulated in amnesty are: Amnesty restrictions are not granted for extraordinary crimes; not allowed to impeach the President. As for the ideal procedure, apart from referring to the 1945 Constitution and the Regulation of the Minister of State Secretary, the granting of amnesty must also ask for consideration from the Supreme Court, so that the granting of amnesty is not only seen for political interests, but also for the interests of the state.


Keywords


Amnesty; President; State Interest

Full Text:

PDF

References


Buku

Bagir Manan, Pertumbuhan dan Perkembangan Konstitusi Suatu Negara, Cetakan 1, Bandung: Penerbit CV. Mandar Maju, 1995.

C.S.T Cansil, Sistem Pemerintahan Indonesia, Aksara Baru, Jakarta,1985.

Ismail Suny, Pembagian Kekuasaan Negara, Jakarta: Aksara Baru, 1978.

James N. Rosenau (ed.). International Politics and Foreign Policy.London: the Free Press, tanpa tahun.

Jazim Hamidi dan Mustafa Lutfi, 2010, Hukum Lembaga Kepresidenan Indonesia, Alumni, Bandung, tanpa tahun.

Jimly Asshidiqie. Pokok-Pokok Hukum Tata Negara Indonesia. Pasca Reformasi, (Jakarta: PT Bhuana Ilmu Populer, 2007.

Norman J. Padelford and George A. Lincoln, International Politics, The Macmillan Company, New York, 1960.

Jurnal

I.G Iakovenko. Dynamic Interest. Dimuat dalam Russian Politic and Law Vol. 38, no. 6, November-December 2000.

J. Martin Rochester. The national interest and contemporary world politics. The review of politics Vol. 40 No. 1, 1978.

Kontras. Mempertimbangkan Amnesti Bagi Tahanan Politik Papua. 2012.

Siti Rakhma Mary Herwati,Pemberian Amnesti, Abolisi, dan Rehabilitasi untuk Para Pejuang Agraria Demi Keadilan, Bogor: Policy Paper Sajogyo Institute No. 1, 2015.

S.S Mirotokhin. The Potential of National interest. Dimuat dalam Russian Politic and Law Vol. 38, no. 6, November-December 2000.

Sumber Internet/Website

BBC News, Kasus Baiq Nuril: Perempuan yang dipidanakan karena merekam percakapan mesum akan 'tagih amnesti' ke Jokowi, artikel, dimuat dalam https://www.bbc.com/indonesia/indonesia-48878086

M Nasir Djamil, diakses pada laman https://nasional.sindonews.com/berita/1424986/18/mengakhiri-derita-korban-pasal-karet

Telaah kasus Din Minimi Dalam Sudut Pandang Hukum, Politik dan Korban http://www.jsithopi.org/2016/02/telaah-kasus-din-minimi-dalam-sudut-pandang-hukum-politik-dan-korban

Peraturan Perundang-Undangan

Human Rights Committee General Comment No. 34, UN Doc. CCPR/C/GC/34, September 2011

Undang-Undang Darurat Nomor 11 tahun 1954 Tentang Amnesti dan Abolisi




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33087/jiubj.v21i3.1688

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

ADRESS JOURNAL

JURNAL ILMIAH UNIVERSITAS BATANGHARI JAMBI (JIUBJ)
Published by Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat
Adress: Jl.Slamet Ryadi, Broni-Jambi, Kec.Telanaipura, Kodepos: 36122, email: jiubj.unbari@gmail.com, Phone: 0741-670700

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.