Pengaruh Terapi Aktivitas Kelompok dengan Stimulasi Persepsi terhadap Kemampuan Mengontrol Halusinasi pada Pasien Skizofrenia

Widya Sepalanita, Wittin Khairani

Abstract


The prevalence of mental emotional disorders indicated by symptoms of depression and anxiety for ages 15 years and over reaches around 14 million people or 6% of the total population of Indonesia. While the prevalence of severe mental disorders, such as schizophrenia, reaches around 400,000 people or as many as 1.7 per 1,000 residents. Hallucinations are one of the symptoms of schizophrenic mental disorder. Therapy Activities Groups with perceptual stimulation are therapies that use activities to perceive various stimulations related to experience with life to be discussed in groups. The aim of the research was to know the effect of group activity therapy on hallucinogenic control ability in schizophrenic patients in Jambi Province Mental Hospital in 2018. This study used a quasi experimental design with a design of one group design with pretest and posttest. The study was conducted at the Jambi Province Mental Hospital in June-September 2018 with a total sample of 30 people taken by purposive sampling. The results of this study are that there is a significant effect of group activity therapy on hallucinogenic control ability in schizophrenic patients at Jambi Province Mental Hospital. This study is expected to increase knowledge, understanding and skills of mental nurses in treating or treating schizophrenic patients, to improve the ability to control the hallucinations of schizophrenic patients through therapeutic activities of perception simulation groups by applying group activity therapy.


Keywords


hallucinations, perception simulation, schizophrenia, group activity therapy

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arsyad, A. (2006). Media Pembelajaran. Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada.

Azwar, S. (2005). Penyusunan Skala psikologi. Edisi 1. penerbit Pustaka pelajar. Yogyakarta.

Azwar, S. (2006), Reliabilitas dan validitas. Edisi 3 Pustaka Belajar Offset. Yogyakarta.

Booth, M.E & Elder, P.J. (2005). Komunikasi untuk kesehatan dan perubahan perilaku. Gajah Mada University Press. Yogyakarta.

Departemen Kesehatan RI. (2005). Penyuluhan kesehatan masyarakat dan perawatan kesehatan masyarakat. Departemen Kesehatan RI. Jakarta.

Dadang Hawari. (2005). Kedokteran Jiwa dan Kesehatan jiwa. PT Dana Bhakti Prima Jasa.

Dadang Hawari. (2007). Pendekatan Holistik pada Gangguan Jiwa Skizofrenia. Jakarta. FKUI.

Donovan,R, Henley, N. (2007). Social Marketing,Principles and Practice. IP Communications. Melbourne

Dinas Kesehatan Kota Jambi. (2014). Laporan Tahunan Dinas Kesehatan Kota Jambi Tahun 2014.

Gunarsa Singgih, D. (2007). Konseling dan Psikoterapi. Jakarta. Gunung Mulia.

Profil Laporan Tahunan Rumah Sakit Jiwa Propinsi Jambi Tahun 2017.

Purwanto, E.H. (2005). Psikologi Pendidikan. Penerbit Persada Karya Bandung.

Nancy Andreasen. (2008). Principle and Practice of Psychiatriic. St.Louis, Missiouri; Mosby Year Book.

Melinda Hermann. (2008). Community Health Nursing Theory and Practice. Philadelphia: WB. Saunders Company.

Soekidjo Notoatmojo. (2009). Promosi Kesehatan dan Ilmu Perilaku. Penerbit Rineka Cipta.

Soekaji, S. (2005). Psikologi Pendidikan dan Psikologi Sekolah. LPSP3, Universitas Indonesia. Jakarta.

Syah, M. (2007). Psikologi pendidikan dengan pendekatan Baru. cetakan ketiga belas. Penerbit PT Remaja Rosdakarya. Bandung.

Stanley. (2005). Guide to Evaluation of Training. ICPE Training and Development series. Nederland.

Stuart Sundeen. (2006). Principles and Practice Psychiatric Nursing,sixth edition. St. Louis, Missiouri; Mosby Year Book.

Setyoadi, dkk. (2011). Terapi Kognitif dan terapi Modalitas Keperawatan pada pasien psikogeriatrik. Jakarta Salemba. Medika.

Walkitri, dkk. (2005). Praktek Pengalaman Lapangan. Pusat Penerbitan UT, Jakarta.

Yosep C. (2008). Keperawatan Jiwa. Cetakan Ketujuh. Penerbit PT Remaja Rosdakarya. Bandung.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33087/jiubj.v19i2.690

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

JIUBJ: Jurnal Ilmiah Universitas Batanghari Jambi
ISSN: 1411-8939 (print), ISSN: 2549-4236 (online)
Telpon: 0741670700
e-mail: jiubj.unbari@gmail.com | lppm@unbari.ac.id

Lisensi Creative Commons
Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-BerbagiSerupa 4.0 Internasional.