Studi Kepadatan Jentik Nyamuk di Kelurahan Tebing Tinggi Kecamatan Tebing Tinggi Kabupaten Tanjung Jabung Barat Jambi Tahun 2019

Sondang Siahaan, Rina Fauziah

Abstract


Mosquitoes have a very important meaning in the health sector because of their role as vectors of various diseases. Diseases transmitted by mosquitoes include dengue fever, malaria and filariasis. These three diseases are transmitted from one person to another through vector intermediaries. Vector is a creature that acts as an intermediary for transmitting   diseases. Tebing Tinggi Village is a densely populated area. The density of the population as well as the constraints of clean water make a lot of water reservoirs to store daily water needs. This can potentially be a breeding ground for mosquito larvae. This study was conducted to determine the density of mosquito larvae, to find out the percentage of house index and container index. This study used a visual method, with a cross sectional approach. Based on the results of research from 18 houses (19.78%) that were larvae positive from 91 houses examined and found 22 containers (5.78%) positive larvae from 380 containers examined. 331 containers of larvae were found in the reservoir of deep water as much as 18 containers (5.43%) and as many as 49 containers of  larvae were found in the external water reservoir (12.24%). The density of mosquito larvae in Tebing Tinggi area is categorized as being with density figures 3 and 4. The amount on the surface of the presence of mosquito larvae in water reservoirs in the house should  the community pay more attention to the cleanliness of water reservoirs and to close water storage so that they are not breeding grounds.


Keywords


mosquito larvae density; house indea; container index

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abd. Gafur & Moh.Saleh., 2016. Hubungan Tempat Penampungan Air dengan Keberadaan Jentik Aedes aegypti di Perumahan Dinas Type E Desa Motu Kecamatan Baras Kabupaten Mamuju Utara, UINalaudin Makasar.

Cutwa M, O’Meora G,F, 2006 Photografic Guide to Common Mosquites of Florida, Florida Medical Entomology Laboratory, University of Florida.

Depkes RI, 2005 Pedoman Survei Entomologi Demam Berdarah Dengue Direktorat Jenderal Pemberantasan Penyakit Menular dan Kesehatan Lingkungan, Jakarta.

Depkes RI, 2005 Pencegahan dan Pemberantasan Demam Berdarah Dengue di Indonesia. Jakarta.

Desniawati, Ramlawati,2014. Jurnal Aedes Sebagai Vektor DBD. Jakarta

Ditjen PPM dan PL ,2002.Pedoman Survey Entomologi Demam Berdarah Dengue. Departemen Kesehatan RI.

Focks,D.A and Alexander, N (2006). Multicountry study of Aedes aegypti pupal productivity survey methodology,findingsand recommendation. UNICEF/UNDP/WorldBank/WHO.

Ginanjar, 2008. Demam Berdarah. Yogyakarta: B-fist ( PT. Bentang Pustaka).

Hasmi 2012 Metode Penelitian Epidemiologi, Penerbit CV.Trans Info Media, Jakarta, 123 hlm.

Lestari, 2007. Penularan Penyakit Demam Berdarah Dengue. Jakarta Pusat

Notoatmodjo, s, 2005. Metodologi penelitian kesehatan. Jakarta: PT.Rineka Cipta.

Nugrahajati,P 2012 Thypus, DBD, Malaria Pencegahannya dan Penanggulangannya , Penerbit PT WahyuMedia, Jakarta Selatan, 67 hlm.

Permenkes RI No.50 Tahun 2017. Standar Baku Mutu Kesehatan Lingkungan dan Persyaratan Kesehatan untuk Vektor dan Binatang Pembawa Penyakit serta Pengendaliannya.

Permenkes RI No.82 Tahun 2014. Penanggulangan Penyakit Menular.

Santoso, I, 2013 Manajemen Data Untuk Analisis Penelitian Kesehatan, Gosyen Pubishing, Yogyakarta, 118 hlm.

Soedartoo, 2012 Demam Berdarah Dengue, CV sagung seto, Jakarta

Sivanathan, M.M.A, 2006 The Ecology and Biology of Aedes.Aegypti (L) and Aedes.Albopictus (skuse) (Diptera:Culicidae) and the Resistance Status of Aedes.Albopictus (filed strain) against Organophosphates in Penang, Malaysia University Sains Malaysia. Tesis

Zulkoni, A 2011 Parasitologi Penerbit Nuha Medika, Yogyakarta, 230 hlm.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33087/jiubj.v20i1.865

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

ADRESS JOURNAL

JURNAL ILMIAH UNIVERSITAS BATANGHARI JAMBI (JIUBJ)
Published by Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat
Adress: Jl.Slamet Ryadi, Broni-Jambi, Kec.Telanaipura, Kodepos: 36122, email: jiubj.unbari@gmail.com, Phone: 0741-670700

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.