Hubungan Perilaku Kebersihan Perorangan dan Lingkungan Serta Status Gizi dengan Kejadian Infeksi pada Anak Usia Sekolah di Sekolah Dasar Kota Jambi

Gusti Lestari Handayani, Abbasiah Abbasiah

Abstract


The spread of epidemiologically-based school-based disease among school children in Indonesia is still high. Cases of infection such as dengue hemorrhagic fever, diarrhea, intestinal worms, acute respiratory infections, and reactions to food due to poor sanitation and food safety. The risk of health problems in children due to environmental pollution from various processes of development activities is increasing. In addition to the environment, the problem that must be considered is to shape healthy behaviors in school children. Malnutrition can inhibit the immune response and increase the risk of infectious diseases. Infectious diseases with a person's nutritional status can be described as a reciprocal relationship. Objective of the research to find out the correlation between individual hygiene behavior and environmental hygiene and nutritional status with the incidence of infection in school age children in Jambi elementary school. Research design was cross sectional design. Data collection is done by using questionnaires. The research was conducted in 3 (three) primary schools namely SDN 40, SDN 151, SDN 131 Kota Jambi. The sample in this research is 138. Data analysis using cross chi-square statistical test. The result of statistical test showed that there was a significant correlation between individual hygiene behavior with the incidence of infectious diseases with P value 0.036, and the behavior of environmental hygiene and incidence of infectious diseases with P value 0,013 OR 3,361. While the relationship of nutritional status and incidence of infectious diseases found that there is no significant relationship with P value 0.469. It is expected that the school can improve personal and environmental hygiene efforts through cooperation with health and education providers in the form of counseling programs and personal hygiene and environmental training.


Keywords


Personal hygiene, environmental Health, nutritional status, infection

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anugrah, H. 2008. Permasalahan Umum Kesehatan Anak Usia Sekolah. Diakses : 20 Juli 2016. Http://anugerah.hendra.or.id/permasalahan-umum-kesehatan-anakusia-sekolah.htm. Astuti, R. 2009.

Isro’in, L; Andarmoyo, Sulistyo. Personal Hygiene: Konsep, Proses, dan Aplikasi dalam Praktik Keperawatan. Ed. 1. Yogyakarta : Graha Ilmu. 2012.

Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia (2010) Keputusan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia no. 1995/Menkes/SK/XII/2010 tentang Standar Antropometri Penilaian status Gizi Anak

Mahmuda, Handarsari, Rosidi (2010). Hubungan kebiasaan cuci tangan dan sanitasi makanan dengan kejadian diare pada anak sd podo 2 kecamatan kedungwuni kabupaten pekalongan. Vol 6 no 1 tahun 2010

Muchlisa, 2013, Hubungan Asupan Zat Gizi dengan Status Gizi pada Remaja Putri di Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Hasanuddin Makassar, Skripsi, Jurusan Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Hasanuddin

Rathnayaka, KT, Wang, ZJ. Prevalence and Effect of Personal Hygiene Ontransmission of Helminthes Infection Among Primary School Children Living in Slums. Int. J of Multidisiplinary Research, 2 (7): 1-13. 2012.

Rosidi, A, Handarsari, E., Mahmudah, M. (2010). Hubungan Kebiasaan Cuci Tangan dan Sanitasi Makanan dengan Kejadian Diare Pada Anak SD Negeri Podo 2 Kecamatan Kedungwuni Kabupaten Pekalongan. Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat. Vol 6. No 1. Hal 76-84. September 2010.

Santoso, S. (2004). Kesehatan dan Gizi. Rineka Cipta. Jakarta

Siswatiningsih. 2001. Kaitan Antara Status Gizi Dengan Kejadian Infeksi Pada Balita di Kabupaten Jepara Tahun 2000. Abstrak. Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat. Universitas Diponegoro, semarang

Supriasa, (2002). Penilaian Status Gizi. Penerbit Buku Kedokteran, EGC

Tarwoto (2004). Kebutuhan Dasar Manusia dan Proses Keperawatan, edisi 3, Jakarta,

Potter, PA. & Perry, AG. (2005). Buku ajar fundamental keperawatan: Konsep, proses, dan praktik. (Fundamental of nursing: Consepts, process, and practice, 1997) Alih bahasa: Yasmin Asih, Made Sumarwati, Dian Evriyani, Laily Mahmudah, Ellen.P., Kusrini, Sari,K., Enie Novieastari. Edisi 4. Vo.1. Jakarta: Penerbit buku kedokteran EGC.

Purwandari, R., Ardiana, A., & Wantiyah. (2013). Hubungan Antara Perilaku Mencuci Tangan dengan Insiden Diare Pada Anak Usia Sekolah di Kabupaten Jember. Jurnal Keperawatan, Vol. 4, No. 2, 122-130.

Supariasa. 2001. Penilaian Status Gizi. Buku Kedokteran EGC.Jakarta.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.33087/jiubj.v20i1.878

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

ADRESS JOURNAL

JURNAL ILMIAH UNIVERSITAS BATANGHARI JAMBI (JIUBJ)
Published by Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat
Adress: Jl.Slamet Ryadi, Broni-Jambi, Kec.Telanaipura, Kodepos: 36122, email: jiubj.unbari@gmail.com, Phone: 0741-670700

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.